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Dr. Chaim Weizmann - Prez World Zionist Organization - Israel gets the bomb - 2
The Global Political Economy of Israel
Jonathan Nitzan and Shimshon Bichler

First published 2002 by Pluto Press
By now, our reader must find it a little difficult to make head and tail of this complicated genealogy of the military, politics and business – and yet the plot continues to thicken.

The Elyashar clan, with which these figures were intermarried, dates back to the Ottoman period. The family represented various  European business interests and Zionist organisations, and generally got along well with the regional superpower of the day, supplying food to the Turkish army during the First World War (in partnership with the famous Palestinian Hussaini family), and to the British forces during the Second World War. From this perspective, Israel’s independence in 1948 was somewhat of a setback, particularly since the Israeli Defence Ministry seemed to favour ‘Ashkenazi’ suppliers like Saul Eisenberg and Marcus Katz, over ‘Sephardi’ dealers such as the Elyashars.

And, indeed, Elyashar’s memoirs, To Live with Jews, are replete with nostalgia for the good old days, before the Ashkenazi took over the country, destroying the beautiful coexistence between Sephardi nobility and local Palestinians.

Of course, by the 1980s, when these memoirs were written, the Elyashars were so deeply intertwined with other Israeli ruling families, Ashkenazi as well as Sephardi, that the ethnic line sounded a bit hollow.

The Moialles themselves were linked to Israel Rokach, who, when acting as Interior Minister in Sharet’s government,
nominated his cousin, Aharon Moialle, as his general manager. Yossef Kookia, whose family was Jerusalem’s biggest landlord in the 1930s and the Recanati’s first big depositor, became General Manager of the Justice Ministry during the Austerity period. The Shlush family had intimate business links with the Carassos, Recanati’s partners in  Discount, as well as with the Saharovs with whom they also intermarried.

Like many of its contemporaries, the Saharov family started its career in the wood business, from which it ventured into new areas such as insurance, banking, weaponry and, of course, public service.

Their eldest son, Yekhezkel, was Chaim Weitzman’s bodyguard and Israel’s first chief-of-police.

His deputy in the force was Amos Ben-Gurion, who was nominated for the post while his father, David Ben-Gurion, was Prime Minister. In their infinite wisdom, both Chief Saharov and Deputy Ben-Gurion were hectically mixing public duty with private business, and eventually, after dozens of scandals, were forced to quit their posts. Both were given a second chance.

Amos Ben-Gurion was made manager of Israel’s largest clothing company, Ata, which belonged to Swiss
financier Tibor Rosenbaum
, and whose Israeli representative at the time was Amos Manor, former head of Shin Beit (Israel’s internal security service). When Rosenbaum’s Banque de Crédit Internationale collapsed with much fanfare in the mid-1970s, Ata was passed on to Saul Eisenberg, who replaced Amos Ben-Gurion with Yossef Hermelin, another former head of the Shin Beit. 

Yekhezkel Saharov didn’t fare any better. After leaving the police he became Israel’s ambassador to Austria, but was ousted on convictions of false testimony; later, he also got entangled in scandalous land deals in the West Bank. His brother, Liberal Party controller Israel Saharov, had a less illustrious but perhaps more productive career. When Ezer Weitzman became Minister of Defence in Begin’s government, he nominated him to manage the state-owned Israel Aircraft Industries, the country’s largest industrial company. As it turned out, his main job was less to manage and more to privatise, a task to which he devoted himself with much zeal. The news of his success spread quickly, and when Yigal Hurwitz, Weitzman’s second cousin, became Minister of Industry and Trade, he moved Saharov to the helm of another government-owned firm, Israel Chemical Industries, for much the same purpose. Incidentally, the earlier nomination to Israel Aircraft Industries was also motivated by Weitzman’s own business dealings.

As it turns out, Saharov’s daughter was married to a family friend of the Begins, David Koolitz, who, together with Ezer Weitzman and Michael Albin of the Eisenber group, were among the first Israelis to deal openly in arms. Their company, Elul Technologies, represented the U.S.-based General  Dynamics. When American weapon shipments started flowing into the region during the 1970s, the three partners were making commission on every F-16
fighter jet delivered to the IDF.


NSA releases data about Israel obtaining "YellowCake" from Argentina after French supply dried up
The Israel-Argentina Yellowcake Connection

Previously Secret Documents Show That Canadian Intelligence Discovered That Israel Purchased Yellowcake from Argentines during 1963-1964

Information Later Shared with British and Americans, Who Accepted It after Hesitation

 U.S. State Department Insisted that Uranium Sales Required Safeguards to Assure Peaceful Use but Israel Was Uncooperative and Evasive About the Yellowcake's Ultimate Use

National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 432
Posted - June 25, 2013

That Argentina made the yellowcake sale to Israel has already been disclosed in declassified U.S. intelligence estimates, but how and when Washington learned about the sale and how it reacted to it can now be learned from largely untapped archival sources. Among the disclosures in today's publication:

French restrictions on Israel's supply of uranium in 1963 made U.S. and British officials suspect that Israel would attempt to acquire yellowcake from other sources without any tangible restrictions to sustain its nuclear weapons program
• A Canadian intelligence report from March 1964 asserted Israel had all of the "prerequisites for commencing a modest nuclear weapons development project."
•When the Canadians discovered the Argentine-Israeli deal they were initially reluctant to share the intelligence with Washington because the United States had refused to provide them with information on a recent U.S. inspection visit by U.S. scientists to Dimona.
•U.S. and British intelligence were skeptical of the Canadian finding until September 1964 when U.S. Embassy sources in Argentina confirmed the sale to Israel.
•The Israelis evaded answering questions about the transaction. When U.S. scientists visited the Dimona facility in March 1966 as part of the August 1963 secret agreement between President Kennedy and Prime Minister Eshkol, they asked about the yellowcake but their Israeli hosts said that question was for "higher officials."
•In 1964 U.S. officials tried to persuade the Argentines to apply strong safeguards to future uranium exports but had little traction for securing agreement.
•In 1965, while the CIA and the State Department were investigating the Argentine yellowcake sale, Washington pursued rumors that the French uranium mining company in Gabon had sought permission to sell yellowcake to Israel.

Ever since late 1960, when the CIA learned that the Israelis had been constructing, with French assistance, a major nuclear facility near Dimona in the Negev Desert, the United States and its close allies, Canada and the United Kingdom , and even its Soviet adversary, suspected that Israel had a nuclear weapons program under way.[1] Closely monitoring Israeli nuclear activities Canadian intelligence discovered the yellocake sale sometime in the spring of 1964 and soon shared this sensitive information with the British
Israel's interest in uranium is as old as the state itself. As early as 1949-50, Israel started with a geological survey of the Negev to determine whether and to what extent uranium could be extracted from the phosphates deposits there. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s Israel explored the viability of the phosphates option, some pilots plants were built, but finally it was determined that it would be too costly. Israel, therefore, had to find uranium from overseas sources.

For the Dimona project the Israelis initially had gotten uranium from France, but in the early 1960s Paris began to restrict the supply and Israel sought to diversify its sources by securing uranium from Argentina, South Africa and elsewhere.[2] Conversely, because the United States was worried about the Israeli nuclear program and its implications for stability in the region, it made efforts to monitor closely Israeli purchases of nuclear material and investigated the Argentine-Israeli deal. While Washington was then exploring ways to establish a global safeguards system to regulate nuclear supplies through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), nothing yet was available with any teeth, such as the future Nuclear Suppliers Group, to check such sales, much less restrict the Israeli nuclear program.
The documents in today's publication are from the U.S. and the British National Archives. All of the U.S. documents were declassified in the mid-1990s but have lingered in a relatively obscure folder in the State Department's central foreign policy files at the U.S. National Archives. They may never have been displayed in public before as the file appeared to be previously untouched. A few of the British documents have been cited by other historians, including ourselves, but the fascinating story of British-Canadian-United States intelligence cooperation and coordination has also been buried in relative obscurity. The juxtaposition of U.S. and British records makes a fuller account possible, although some elements of the story remain secret, such as the identity of the Canadian intelligence source on the yellowcake purchase.

Only Israeli and Argentine documents, however, can provide the full story of the yellowcake sale.


Alan C. Goodison (1906-2006), trained as an Arabist, worked on Israeli nuclear matters at the British Foreign Office's Eastern Department in the mid-1960s. He coordinated the analysis and distribution of the sensitive Canadian intelligence report on the Argentine yellowcake sale. Goodison is shown in 1983 when he became Ambassador to Ireland

Admiral Oscar A. Quihillalt [Argentina!!!]   (b. 1913), chief of the National Atomic Energy Commission, 1955-73, presided over the creation of Argentina's nuclear establishment. In 1964, he bore the brunt of U.S. State Department inquiries about the yellowcake sale to Israel. This image shows him in 1967 when he was elected Chairman of the Board of Governors of the international Atomic Energy Agency (Image courtesy of Archives, International Atomic Energy Agency).


Walworth Barbour (1908-82) was ambassador to Israel during 1961-73.  [ Bilderberger (see prev post) ] He presided over the vain effort by U.S. diplomats and CIA officers to learn what Israel had done with the yellowcake. (Image from Still Pictures Branch, National Archives, RG 59-SO). [ i.e. he controlled the flow of information ! ]

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Argentine Documents on the Yellowcake Sale  

Israeli documents on the yellowcake purchase from Argentina are not available, but German researcher Dr. Gaby Weber has identified and published significant Argentine records relating to the purchase. They include several unclassified Argentine presidential decrees from 1960, 1962 and 1963.

The first authorized the sale of 6 tons of yellowcake to the German firms Nukem and Metallgesellschaft in 1960;
the second (1962) the sale of 10 tons of yellowcake directly to Israel; and
the third the 1963 sale of the100 tons of yellowcake.

In an interview with Weber, Roberto Ornstein, an official of the Argentine Atomic Commission, acknowledged that the yellowcake in all three sales went to Israel. The German role in the first transaction raises questions about the Israel-West Germany nuclear connection, which Dr. Weber explores in her publications. More needs to be learned about internal Argentine decision-making on these transactions.

Through a FOIA request to the Department of Energy, Dr. Weber has also acquired several U.S. documents relating to the yellowcake sales. One is a memorandum to A.A. Wells, director of the Division of International Affairs, dated March 5, 1962, on "sales of uranium concentrate to Israel by Argentina." According to the report, the AEC's Acting Scientific Representative at the Buenos Aires Liaison Office "has informed us that the government of Argentina has recently concluded a sale of 10 metric tons of U3O8 in the form of uranium concentrates to the government of Israel." The Argentine government made the sale public "despite a request by the Israeli government that the transaction be kept secret." The memo also mentioned the sale of the 6 tons in 1960 to the FRG.

Oct 19 1964
Meeting with embassy officials, the chief of the National Atomic Energy Commission Admiral Oscar A. Quihillalt informed them that Argentine uranium sales agreements had only general safeguard provisions stipulating that the uranium would be used peacefully, and did not require reports, inspections, or any other independent verification that were loosely equivalent to Article XIII of the IAEA statute.

Oct 27 1964

When embassy officers provided the aide-memoir and the paper on IAEA safeguards to Admiral Quihillalt, the chief of the National Atomic Energy Commission, he was more receptive to the US position than previously and was glad to know that the US was not in touch with the Israelis about the sale.

Feb 3 1965

This airgram details a meeting with Admiral Quihillalt, director of the National Atomic Energy Commission of Argentinia, who notes that since the deal with Israel had been concluded before the IAEA established protocols for safeguard measures, the Argentine government did not feel the need to include reporting and inspection requirements. However, safeguards would be placed on future sales. Attached is a note from the Argentine Foreign Ministry, with an unofficial translation.

Cmlte.  Oscar A.  Quihillalt

Wednesday September 19, 2001

At age 88 died on Sunday last, in this city, Rear Admiral Oscar Armando Quihillalt retired engineer who served between October 1955 and May 1973 as president of the National Atomic Energy Commission (Conea), during whose term development widely that activity in our country.

 Born July 4, 1913 in Buenos Aires, Quihillalt graduated as a midshipman from the Naval Academy in 1934 and as an engineer, Faculty of Sciences, University of Buenos Aires.  It was perfected in Sweden.

 With the rank of lieutenant commander was appointed in October 1955 as President of the National Atomic Energy Commission, a position he held until 1973.  During that time represented our country in various international organizations involved in nuclear power.

 Between 1956 and 1973 he was governor in the International Atomic Energy Agency in Austria, and from 1976 to 1978 was president of that body.

 Between 1961 and 1969 he held the American Nuclear Energy Commission, a period in which he became a strong advocate of nuclear energy not only in Argentina but also in Latin America.

 For his career merited the award of the National Order of Merit in the grade of Commander awarded by France in 1964 and the Grand Cross of Isabel the Catholic, in October 1967.  This latter distinction received by its action in the field of peaceful uses of atomic energy.

 Just considered one of the world's most representative figures in the field of development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, during his tenure at the Conea RA1 was built, the first Argentine and Latin American nuclear reactor

A business in our country and abroad, representing Argentina, joins his work as a consultant in Iran between 1974 and 1979.

 His remains were buried in the Pantheon Naval No.2 of Chacarita
Israeli Lies Fueled Nuclear Weapons Program
by Richard Silverstein on July 6, 2013 · 7 comments
in Mideast Peace

Avner Cohen, the leading academic on Israel’s nuclear weapons program, has written a riveting article about the lies which Israel’s leaders used to obfuscate and mislead its allies about its nuclear ambition.  As part of the research for the article, Cohen has amassed 42 supporting government documents which he’s made public as well.

France had designed and helped build the Dimona nuclear reactor beginning in the late 1950s.  But when Charles de Gaulle came to power in the early 1960s, he exerted much greater constraint on French involvement. He restricted the supply of uranium offered to the Israelis and put conditions on its use [ and was the target of assassination like Kennedy ] .

This severely restricted Israel’s ambitions to build a nuclear weapon.  Publicly, Israel’s prime minister and senior cabinet ministers kept up a front asserting the nuclear program was for peaceful purposes only.  But this wasn’t true and behind the scenes Israel pursued WMD at breakneck speed.

In 1964, Canadian intelligence received word that Argentina had agreed to sell 80 tons of uranium yellowcake to Israel, which replaced the fuel Israel had expected from France.  Eventually, the British told the U.S. about the deal and the latter instructed its embassies in Israel and Argentina to confirm the sale.  Secrecy around the program in Israel was air-tight and the U.S. embassy could uncover nothing.  But the embassy in Argentina did manage to confirm the sale.

Intelligence experts estimated that Israel could have a nuclear weapon in 18-24 months.  Turns out, it had a crude device ready by the 1967 War which served as a fail-safe in case Israel faced a cataclysmic defeat.

On August 22, 1962, President Charles De Gaulle of France survives one of several assassination attempts against him thanks to the superior performance of the presidential automobile: The sleek, aerodynamic Citroen DS 19, known as "La Deesse" (The Goddess).   ...

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Israel’s secret “Doomsday” Nuke base revealed by US

A location and details of a top secret Israeli base which could be used to launch nuclear attacks on China or North America was published last week. Immediate moves were made to “spin” the story away.

The base, intended to house Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) built in cooperation with India is also to include, not just a doomsday “Fuhrer-bunker” for Netanyahu and the Zionist elites but storage for nuclear, biological and chemical warheads as well.

According to intelligence sources in Pakistan, India is supplying Israel with missiles capable of carrying 10 MIRV (Multiple Independent-targetable Re-entry Vehicle) warheads each with a range of up to 11,000 miles. A single missile from this US financed complex could knock out all major population centers on America’s eastern seaboard.

The thermonuclear warheads and guidance systems for these advanced weapons were made possible through espionage activities tied to AIPAC, the American Israeli Public Affairs Committee.

Newspapers claim the underground base, one of a series being built across Israel, is part of an air defense system. This is, of course, utterly absurd.

Detailed plans on the massive underground facility at Tel Shahar, intended to be Israel’s answer to NORAD’s Cheyenne Mountain fortress in Colorado, were made public when the US published over 1000 pages of documents, including key information on location, design and vulnerabilities to attack
From SheeraFrenkel at McClatchy News, “The Obama administration had promised to build Israel a state-of-the-art facility to house a new ballistic-missile defense system, the Arrow 3. As with all Defense Department projects, detailed specifications were made public so that contractors could bid on the $25 million project. The specifications included more than 1,000 pages of details on the facility, ranging from the heating and cooling systems to the thickness of the walls.”

... advance copies of the IAEA report due to be released on Monday, June 10, 2013, show that America’s intelligence assessments indicating Iran has no military nuclear program have been right all along.

Now even school children with their iPhones can read about Israel’s underground nuclear weapons storage, about equipment for storing, protecting and deploying nuclear weapons.

What they may not know is that the money that might have helped finance their college education paid for this highly secret and equally highly illegal equipment.

US spills Israeli missile defense secrets

US government website reveals numerous highly sensitive details of launch site to be built for Arrow 3 system, crucial to Israel’s protection against nuclear threats

By Stuart Winer June 4, 2013

According to the tender, the complex is to be built at Tal Shahar, midway between Jerusalem and Ashdod. The sensitive details about the project have since been removed from the website where the tender was originally published.


Jane's Defence Weekly magazine recently published a story showing how official U.S. publications reveal plans to construct a secret Israel missile base designated for the Arrow III. According to the story, this is part of an Israel Air Force plan to expand an existing facility in Tel Shahar, between Jerusalem and Ashdod, whose location has never been officially revealed.

The estimated cost of this expansion is $25 million. The report detailed the construction plans: Four underground missile launchers, each carrying six interceptors (Reshef model). The report said this information means that Israel can potentially launch 24 Arrow III interceptors against a barrage of ballistic missiles.

The report on a construction tender documents published by the U.S. government details the type of building that will be built in Israel, which includes highly durable concrete structures, blast doors and steel screens. A system to handle high pressure levels will also be built inside the structures, enabling the electrical components to be protected. According to the documents, the companies responsible for building the basis will have to complete the work within 485 days of the moment they receive the go ahead to begin.
'I'm proud of what I did': Hollywood producer reveals his double life as an arms dealer and Israeli spy - and says the late Sydney Pollack participated too

    Movie tycoon Arnon Milchan, who owns New Regency Films and produced Fight club and Pretty Woman, opened up in a tv interview about his clandestine deals to acquire weapons for Israel in the 70s
    He says he worked to promote the country's alleged nuclear program
    Claims he convinced other Hollywood bigwigs, including the late director Sydney Pollack, to get involved
    Robert De Niro says he knew what Milchan was doing at the time
    He used a big-name actor as a lure, calling people 'star-f******'
    'I did it for my country and I'm proud of it,’ says the movie producer
    Milchan's next film is Noah, a Darren Aronofsky-directed take on the Bible, starring Russell Crowe, Emma Watson and Anthony Hopkins

By Marie-louise Olson
PUBLISHED: 13:30 EST, 22 November 2013

A major Hollywood producer is planning to spill the beans about his double life as an arms dealer and Israeli intelligence operative in the late 1970s.

Arnon Milchan, the Israeli producer of smash hits including Fight Club and Pretty Woman, is opening up for the first time ever in an Israeli TV show on Monday to speak about his involvement in clandestine deals to acquire arms for Israel and his work to promote the country's alleged nuclear program.

Russell Crowe, Robert De Niro, Ben Affleck and other major Hollywood players are also featured in the controversial report to be aired on Israel’s Channel 2.

In the interview he tells her how he tried to engage Hollywood colleagues in his work for Israel's Defense Ministry, according to Haaretz.

He claims he managed to convince other Hollywood bigwigs, including the late director Sydney Pollack, to get involved.

Pollack, who died in 2008, acquired arms and other military equipment for Israel in the 1970s, reveals Milchan in the TV report.

Pollack knew of the details of the deals, says Milchan, who adds that he ‘didn't want to scare him because he's American… He could have said "no". He said "no" many times, but he also said "yes" many times’.

Two years ago, a book titled Confidential: The Life of Secret Agent Turned Hollywood Tycoon Arnon Milchan, was published by authors Meir Doron and Joseph Gelman.

The book alleged that Milchan was an operative for Israel's Bureau of Scientific Relations, which gathered information for Israel's alleged nuclear program.

The bureau was closed after Jonathan Pollard was arrested for spying on behalf of Israel in 1986.

Milchan is still making movies, and his company, New Regency films, is working on four films slated for release in 2013-14.

One of those is Noah, a Darren Aronofsky-directed take on the Biblical flood story starring Russell Crowe, Emma Watson and Anthony Hopkins.
Arnon Milchan (Hebrew: ארנון מילצ'ן‎; December 6, 1944) is an Israeli Hollywood film producer who has produced over 120 full-length motion pictures.[2]

Mr. Milchan is also a former key Israeli intelligence operative from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s.[3][4]

Milchan's films include The War of the Roses, Once Upon a Time in America, Pretty Woman, Natural Born Killers, Under Siege, The Devil's Advocate, The Fountain, Unfaithful, L.A. Confidential and many others. He is an Israeli citizen, and a resident of Israel.

Early Life

Milchan was born in Rehovot, British Mandate for Palestine, in 1944. His family was Jewish.[5] His father owned a fertilizer company,[6] which Milchan turned into a successful chemical business.[7] He also earned a degree from the London School of Economics, before being recruited to LAKAM, a top secret Israeli intelligence organization responsible for obtaining technology and material for Israel's nuclear program, and other highly secretive programs

Arms Dealing

Speculation about Milchan's involvement in arms dealing and intelligence activities was sparked after "the indictment in 1985 of Richard Kelly Smyth, an aerospace executive who had made illegal shipments of Krytrons (nuclear triggers) through one of Milchan's companies."

This remained hearsay until biographers Meir Doron and Joseph Gelman confirmed in a book published July 2011, that Milchan was indeed involved in espionage and arms-dealing. The research in Confidential - The Life Of Secret Agent Turned Hollywood Tycoon established that "at least through the mid-1980s [Milchan] was a full-fledged operative for Israel’s top-secret intelligence agency, Lakam.

His activities included "buying components to build and maintain Israel’s nuclear arsenal" and supervising "government-backed accounts and front companies that financed the special needs of the entirety of Israel’s intelligence operations outside the country.".[3] Interviewed regarding Milchan's intelligence activities, Israeli President Shimon Peres stated:

"Arnon is a special man. It was I who recruited him.... When I was at the Ministry of Defense, Arnon was involved in numerous defense-related procurement activities and intelligence operations. His strength is in making connections at the highest levels.... His activities gave us a huge advantage, strategically, diplomatically and technologically." (interview dated February 8, 2010, documented in Meir Doron and Joseph Gelman's "Confidential: Secret Agent turned Hollywood Tycoon Arnon Milchan" p. xi)

Lekem, (also pronounced "Lakam") an acronym for ha-Lishka le-Kishrei Mada (Hebrew: הלשכה לקשרי מדע‎, Bureau of Scientific Relations), was an Israeli intelligence agency headed by spy-master Benjamain Blumberg (1957-1981), and by spy-master Rafi Eitan (1981-1986). It collected scientific and technical intelligence abroad from both open and covert sources, particularly for Israel's nuclear program. It was disbanded in 1986 following the arrest of Jonathan Pollard for espionage on behalf of Israel. Pollard was a United States Navy intelligence employee in the Naval Antiterrorist Alert Center in Washington, D.C. He was paid for delivering large amounts of classified documents to Lekem agents. Pollard was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment.[1]

The high proifile Pollard case was not the only problematic case for Lekem in 1985.

In California, a US Aerospace Engineer, Richard Kelly Smyth, the President of a company called MILCO, was indicted that same year for smuggling over 800 krytron switches (a component used in nuclear weapons) to Israel without the required US State Department Munitions Export License.

Just before trial, and facing a possible 105 years in prison, Richard Kelly Smyth and his wife suddenly disappeared. Sixteen years later they were discovered and arrested while living as fugitives in Malaga, Spain, and extradited back to the United States where he was convicted in the case.

The krytrons shipped by Smyth were sent to an Israeli company called Heli-Trading Ltd. owned by notable Israeli movie producer Arnon Milchan. Before his prominent Hollywood career, Mr, Milchan had served for decades as a Lekem agent, under the direct command of Lekem spy-master Benjamin Blumberg. It later became clear that the company MILCO served as a Lekem front company for obtaining sensitive equipment, technologies and materials for Israeli secret defense-related programs, and in particular its nuclear program.[2]

The Israeli government asserted that the Krytron incident was a simple mistake by the "exporter" Milco, and that the Pollard operation was an unauthorized deviation from its policy of not conducting espionage in the United States before an admission in 1998 of Israeli responsibility. In 1987 the Israeli government set up a commission to investigate the Pollard affair, which found it would be in Israel's interest to take responsibility for the case. In 1987 following the difficult Pollard and Milco cases, the Israeli government decided to disband Lekem, whose functions were assigned to the Director of Security of the Defense Establishment, adding technical and scientific intelligence to its responsibilities which include internal investigations of the defense ministry.
Netanyahu Worked Inside Nuclear Smuggling Ring
Counterespionage debriefing reveals how Israel targeted U.S.
by Grant Smith, July 04, 2012
On June 27, 2012, the FBI partially declassified and released seven additional pages [.pdf] from a 1985–2002 investigation into how a network of front companies connected to the Israeli Ministry of Defense illegally smuggled nuclear triggers out of the U.S.*

The newly released FBI files detail how Richard Kelly Smyth — who was convicted of running a U.S. front company — met with Benjamin Netanyahu in Israel during the smuggling operation. At that time, Netanyahu worked at the Israeli node of the smuggling network, Heli Trading Company.

Netanyahu, who currently serves as Israel’s prime minister, recently issued a gag order that the smuggling network’s unindicted ringleader refrain from discussing “Project Pinto.”

In Confidential, a recent biography of Arnon Milchan, Israel's LAKAM agent Number One, the authors reveal that Milchan and Peres are "strategic partners" and "holders of some of Israel's most significant secrets." Chief among these secrets would certainly be how Israeli agents carried out 9/11.

"MR. ISRAEL" - Israel's senior LAKAM agent Arnon Milchan (center) has long been the man bridging Israel's intelligence establishment with each new government.

In this photo from 2005, Milchan sits between his old friends Vice Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a former employee of Milchan's chemical company,
Milchan Bros. Milchan was the essential agent in building Israel's nuclear arsenal. So, what does he know about the Israeli-made super-thermite that demolished the World Trade Center?

The first photograph of legendary Israeli spy-master Benjamin Blumberg  ever published. Blumberg created and ran Israel's super-secret LAKAM spy  agency. Image published in Israel's Maariv Newspaper 04-06-2012.
FBI investigates MILCO nuclear trigger smuggling to Israel
"...also met Benyamin Netanyahu while Netanyahu worked at Heli Trading..."


California-based MILCO International Inc. shipped 15 orders totaling 800 krytrons to the Israeli Ministry of Defense between 1979 and 1983. Israeli movie producer Arnon Milchan's Heli Trading Company brokered the transactions. A krytron is a gas-filled tube used as a high speed switch.  Export from the US requires a US State Department munitions license because krytrons can be used as triggers for nuclear weapons.  The US rejected several requests for krytron export licenses to Israel.  MILCO obtained the krytrons from EG&G Inc.
Record of a phone call between a supervisory special agent in Los Angeles and a special agent in Portland classified as "secret." The special agent notifies LA of impending news media coverage of "an extremely successful movie producer in Hollywood" [Arnon Milchan] noting his ties to "Oliver Stone, Sidney Pollack, Barbara Streisand, Tom Cruise, Richar Dreyfuss and Robert DeNiro.  The subject's likely location and wealth "close to $1 billion" and close ties to "Labor Party officials in Israel" is noted. Milchan's arms dealing through MILCO and ties to another American are explored in the heavily redacted file.

Through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) appeal, the FBI released heavily censored files on Arnon Milchan, files that were not scheduled for release until 2036. None-the-less, these files are revealing as to the intensity of the FBI's focus on Mr. Milchan, including memos to the Director of the FBI, keeping him informed of developments in the case. These memos confirm numerous facts detailed in the book Confidential, including the US Attorney's attempt to "flip" Richard Kelly Smyth against Mr. Milchan, an attempt that failed. Smyth of course disappeared shortly thereafter. The sheer amount of material that was censored in these documents is testimony to the sensitivity placed on this entire matter, to this day.
Arnon Milchan
Net Worth $4.2 B As of March 2013

Hollywood producer Arnon Milchan's New Regency films, the company he founded, produced no movies in 2012 as he worked to rebuild his management team, but four movies are slated for release in 2013, including "Noah," a Darron Aronofsky-directed setting of the Biblical flood story starring Russell Crowe, Emma Watson and Anthony Hopkins.

The company recently reopened its television division, which earlier produced "Malcolm in the Middle" and "The Bernie Mac Show."

Once a business student and professional soccer player, Milchan transformed his family's bankrupt fertilizer company into a $125 million business with interests in agriculture, aerospace, animal health products, plastic, fiber optics and pharmaceuticals. An avid art collector, he has lately been doing paintings of his own. He has seven homes around the world.

[ No mention in forbes of him being an Israeli agent and Arms Dealer ,,, hmmm ]
EG&G, formally known as Edgerton, Germeshausen, and Grier, Inc., was a United States national defense contractor and provider of management and technical services. The company was involved in contracting services to the United States government during World War II, and conducted weapons research and development after the war. Its close involvement with some of the government's most sensitive technologies has led to its being cited in conspiracy theories related to Department of Defense black projects.

The group's high-speed photography was used to image implosion tests during the Manhattan Project. The same skills in precisely timed high-power electrical pulses also formed a key enabling technology for nuclear weapon triggers. After the war, the group continued their association with the burgeoning military nuclear effort, and formally incorporated Edgerton, Germeshausen, and Grier, Inc. in 1947
From 1999 until 2001, EG&G was wholly owned by The Carlyle Group

A “Nuclear-Free Zone” in the Middle East? Why Israel will not Join the Non-Proliferation Treaty
By Timothy Alexander Guzman
Global Research, September 27, 2013

Iran’s New President Hassan Rouhani has requested that Israel to sign and become a member of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as he spoke for a second time at the United Nation General Assembly. “As long as nuclear weapons exist, the threat of their use exists,” Rouhani said, citing the American bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.  Rouhani is calling for “nuclear-free zone” in the Middle East.  Israel is the only country in the Middle East that had not and will not sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.  Israel would use nuclear weapons if it felt it was threatened by any nation in the Middle East.

The nuclear capability of Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) defensive capabilities just reached another plateau this past April.  It purchased its 5th nuclear submarine that can be deployed anywhere in the world with first strike capability.  The Israel News Agency reported that Israel purchased a fifth Dolphin class submarine called the “INS Rahav” from Germany.  The article headlined “Israel Launches Ninth Submarine, Ready To Strike Iran Nuclear Weapons.”  Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said “The submarines are a strong, strategic tool for the IDF. The State of Israel is ready to act anytime, anywhere – on land, sea and air – in order to ensure the security of Israel’s citizens.”  The submarines are equipped with Israeli-designed Popeye missiles that are capable of carrying nuclear warheads.  It is no secret that Israel has nuclear weapons.  Some estimates suggest that Israel has between 100 and 400 nuclear weapons.  No one knows exactly how many nuclear bombs Israel possesses, but we do know they have the capability to produce them at a moment’s notice.

Since Israel is not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty; the Dimona Nuclear Research center is not subject to inspections from the international community such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).  According to the Federation of American Scientists in a 2007 report, Israel has between 75 and 400 nuclear warheads, but some estimates have their nuclear warheads at less than 200. It is also known that Israel has the ability to deliver them by intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) with a range of 5,500 kilometers or 3,400 miles, the Jericho III missile named after the biblical city of Jericho, various aircrafts and of course submarines.  

By the late 1950s Shimon Peres had established LEKEM, or the ‘Science liaison Bureau’ a new intelligence service that would search for technology, materials and equipment needed for Israel’s nuclear program.

By 1952, Hemed Gimmel was under Israel’s Ministry of Defense to become the Division of Research and Infrastructure (EMET).    By June 1952, The Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC) was established with Ernest David Bergmann as the first chairman.  Hemed Gimmel was renamed Machon 4 which became the “chief laboratory” of the Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC).  France was a major partner for Israel’s nuclear program.  France also sold weapons to Israel.  The France-Israel relationship was instrumental in the development of the Dimona Nuclear Research Center. Israel signed American President Dwight Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace, an agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation between the U.S. and Israel along with Turkey to build a“small swimming pool research reactor” at Nachal Soreq.

In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became President of France.  Almost immediately after he assumed office, he wanted to end France’s assistance to Israel’s nuclear program.  He would only support Israel’s nuclear program if international inspectors were allowed to inspect Dimona and that Israel would declare that its nuclear program was for peaceful purposes and that under no circumstances reprocess plutonium.  Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres negotiated with the French government allowing a window of opportunity for French companies to continue its work until 1966 with the Israeli government.  Israel also had declared its nuclear program was “peaceful”. [ On August 22, 1962, President Charles De Gaulle of France survives one of several assassination attempts against him  - There were thirty serious assassination attempts on De Gaulle's life between 1958 and 1965    ]


The Obama administration is not seeking any negotiations with Iran unless they stop its nuclear program which will not happen.  Iran will insist that they are signatories to the NPT and have an “inalienable right” to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. 

Israel will not be a signatory to the NPT because “This resolution is deeply flawed and hypocritical. It ignores the realities of the Middle East and the real threats facing the region and the entire world” according to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

So the rest of us are idiots for signing the NPT ...

More to follow.... (Pollard)
The Jonathan Pollard Spy Case: The CIA's 1987 Damage Assessment Declassified
New Details on What Secrets Israel Asked Pollard to Steal

CIA Withholding Overturned on Appeal by National Security Archive
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 407

Posted - December 14, 2012
UPDATED January 9, 2013
Edited by Jeffrey T. Richelson

Washington, DC, December 14, 2012 – When Naval Investigative Service analyst Jonathan Pollard spied for Israel in 1984 and 1985, his Israeli handlers asked primarily for nuclear, military and technical information on the Arab states, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union – not on the United States – according to the newly-declassified CIA 1987 damage assessment of the Pollard case, published today by the National Security Archive at George Washington University (

The damage assessment includes new details on the specific subjects and documents sought by Pollard's Israeli handlers (pages 36-43), such as Syrian drones and central communications, Egyptian missile programs, and Soviet air defenses. The Israelis specifically asked for a signals intelligence manual that they needed to listen in on Soviet advisers in Syria. The document describes how Pollard's handler, Joseph Yagur, told him to ignore a request, from Yagur's boss, for U.S. "dirt" on senior Israeli officials and told Pollard that gathering such information would terminate the operation (page 38).

Under the heading "What the Israelis Did Not Ask For," the assessment remarks (page 43) that they "never expressed interest in US military activities, plans, capabilities, or equipment."

The assessment also notes that Pollard volunteered delivery of three daily intelligence summaries that had not been requested by his handlers, but which proved useful to them, and ultimately handed over roughly 1,500 such messages from the Middle East and North Africa Summary (MENAS), the Mediterranean Littoral Intelligence Summary (MELOS), and the Indian Ocean Littoral Intelligence Summary, in addition to the more than 800 compromised documents on other subjects that Pollard delivered to the Israelis in suitcases.

The damage assessment also features a detailed 21-page chronology of Pollard's personal life and professional career, including his work for the Israelis, highlighting more than a dozen examples of unusual behavior by Pollard that the CIA suggests should have, in retrospect, alerted his supervisors that he was a security risk. Prominent on the list were false statements by Pollard during a 1980 assignment with Task Force 168, the naval intelligence element responsible for HUMINT collection. Pollard is now serving a life sentence in prison for espionage.


Pollard's disclosures were alarming to U.S. officials for several reasons, some of which were noted in their official declarations (Document 7a, Document 10) – some of which were direct responses (Document 9) to claims and analysis made by Pollard in his sentencing memorandums (Document 6, Document 8b). One, despite the fact that both the U.S. and Israeli considered each other legitimate intelligence targets, was Israel's willingness to run a human penetration operation directed at the U.S. government.

Another, was the damage to the intelligence sharing arrangement with Israel – since its acquisition of material from Pollard weakened the U.S. position vis-a-vis intelligence exchanges with Israel. In addition, there was no guarantee that such documents, revealing both sources and methods as well as assessments, would not find their way to the Soviet Union via a Soviet penetration of the Israeli intelligence or defense community – as had happened with a number of other allies. Further, since Israel was a target of U.S. intelligence collection – particularly technical collection - operations, the documents could be used by Israeli counterintelligence and security organizations to help Israel neutralize or degrade U.S. collection operations.

Of all the spy cases from 1985, the Pollard case has been the one that has had the longest life in terms of media coverage - in part because of efforts, both by private citizens and the Israeli government to have his life sentence commuted.

Why Obama Will Free Jonathan Pollard
President accepts Israel infallibility doctrine
by Grant Smith, June 09, 2012

The US Department of Justice has released new files about convicted spy Jonathan Pollard’s bid for presidential clemency

Pollard was sentenced to life in prison in 1987 after passing more than a million highly classified documents to Israel while working as an intelligence analyst for the US Navy

Documents in the Freedom of Information Act response (PDF) reference 32 pages of government agency deliberative communications and 37 pages of new communications between Pardon Attorney Ronald Rogers and Pollard’s legal team — all produced since July of 2011. While the contents have been withheld, their existence signals that the Pollard commutation request may be nearing a conclusion within the Obama administration.  June 18 could mark the culmination of a massive lobbying campaign for release.  Obama’s dismal record on Israeli accountability suggests Pollard will soon walk free.

Released documents reveal that the Rabbinical Assembly — claiming to represent "1.5 million Jews worldwide" — passed a formal resolution asking Obama to commute Pollard’s sentence.

Pollard’s ongoing imprisonment has uniquely and singularly defied Israel’s doctrine of accountability.  Israel’s history is replete with demands that it should never be held accountable for any act committed anywhere — including in the US — that is perpetrated in the name of Israel’s national security.

Less widely known is that Israeli front company Telogy was caught in the summer of 2010 illegally shipping nuclear weapons components out of California to Israel

When such crimes occurred in the past — such as in the case of MILCO smuggling nuclear triggers out of California to Israel — the US at least criminally investigated Israel’s US operatives even while carefully steering around the true masterminds such as Arnon Milchan and high Israeli intelligence officials.  In the case of Telogy, the Obama administration simply leaked tidbits of the export violations to friendly press, helpfully allowing Telogy to quickly roll up its illegal US operations.  Rather than raids, arrests, publicity and prosecutions,

Israel’s only punishment for Telogy was a mild admonishment (PDF) issued by former weapons inspector David Albright from his perch at a think tank almost singularly devoted to analyzing Iran’s — but not Israel’s — nuclear program in the establishment news media.
Pollard Begins 29th Year in Prison, Despite Calls for Release
November 21, 2013

Jonathan Pollard, the convicted American spy for Israel, began his 29th year behind bars today.

Thursday marked the 28th anniversary of Pollard’s arrest outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington. His time in prison has been marked by myriad protests calling for his release, including a vocal effort in Israel.

On Wednesday, the convict’s wife, Esther, called on President Barack Obama to commute her husband’s sentence to time served and release him from prison.

Esther Pollard also criticized Israeli President Shimon Peres for saying the US president has responded favorably to all Israeli requests. Last year, Peres formally asked Obama to commute Pollard’s sentence.

Pollard, a civilian US Navy intelligence analyst who spied for Israel, was sentenced to life in prison in 1987, despite a plea bargain in which he admitted his guilt. Several Israeli leaders and an increasing number of US political figures from both parties have made requests that the United States pardon Pollard.

Pollard was made a citizen of Israel during his imprisonment. He will be eligible for parole in two years.

Israel will not be a signatory to the NPT because “This resolution is deeply flawed and hypocritical. It ignores the realities of the Middle East and the real threats facing the region and the entire world” according to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
List of parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Non-signatory states

Four UN member states have never signed the treaty.


 South Sudan

I never posted the Richard Smyth extradition article (interesting AFTER 9/11/2001 )  :
Arnon Milchan had to know what was going on and the previously posted links show that he did know.

Oh but Milchan goes on producing films in HOLYWOOD his latest:
12 years a slave and NOAH  , but his name is never mentioned in promotion!.

Story of Noah minus God - Russell Crowe - Arnon Milchan Israeli Nuke spy
Engineer Sentenced in Nuclear Trigger Case

Weapons: Richard Kelly Smyth, extradited from Spain, admitted a 'grave error' in shipping to Israel devices that can fire nuclear weapons.


A Southern California engineer who fled the country in 1985 after being indicted on charges of selling Israel electronic devices that can be used to fire nuclear weapons was sentenced Monday to 40 months in federal prison.

Richard Kelly Smyth, now 72 and in frail health, was discovered living in southern Spain last year. He was arrested by local police and extradited to the United States.

He pleaded guilty in December to violating the U.S. Arms Export Control Act and making a false statement about the contents of one shipment of the devices, which are known as krytrons and have a variety of applications, from triggering nuclear warheads to operating photocopying machines.

Despite the sentence, federal Judge Pamela A. Rymer ruled that Smyth could immediately apply to be released on parole. She also fined him $20,000.

Israeli authorities denied having acquired the 2-inch-long krytrons for their nuclear weapons arsenal. After Smyth's indictment, they returned the remaining devices to U.S. authorities.

Appearing in Los Angeles federal court Monday, Smyth said he made a "grave error" when he shipped about 800 krytrons in the early 1980s to Heli Trading Co. in Israel without State Department approval.

Heli Trading was owned at that time by Arnon Milchan, an Israeli-born arms trader who later became a successful Hollywood film producer. His movies have included "Pretty Woman" and "L.A. Confidential."

Milchan has denied involvement in the krytron deal. He told CBS' "60 Minutes" two years ago that he had allowed the Israeli government to use his company for trading with the United States.

In court, Smyth also apologized for fleeing the United States just before the start of his scheduled 1985 trial before Rymer, now a federal appeals court judge. He said he panicked after reading newspaper articles saying he could be sentenced to up to 105 years in prison if convicted on all of the 30 criminal counts originally lodged against him.

The 105 years represented the maximum sentence allowed by statute. Statutory maximums are only rarely applied.

Abandoning his engineering business, Milco International Inc., and an expensive home in Orange County, Smyth and his wife, Emelie, flew to Switzerland and then settled in Malaga, Spain, passing themselves off as retirees.

Smyth, using his real name, was vice president of the American Club in Malaga. He and his wife got along on Social Security and occasional gifts from relatives.

U.S. authorities learned of Smyth's whereabouts by accident. Last year, he opened an account at a bank in Malaga, noting in his application that he was a U.S. citizen. A routine check by the bank with Interpol turned up an arrest warrant issued in Los Angeles. Smyth was taken into custody by Spanish police.
In sentencing Smyth, Rymer said she found it difficult to accept the notion that he was naive about the law.
Observing that he and his wife spent "15 idyllic years in Spain" after fleeing the United States, she questioned why he made no effort to come back on his own to face the music.
New Book Recounts Tale of Israeli Agent at Home in Hollywood

Meir Doron, left, and Joseph Gelman wrote a book on Arnon Milchan, which says he at one point sold nuclear-triggering devices.
 Published: July 17, 2011
 LOS ANGELES — “Never, never tell jokes about a man with easy access to weapons of mass destruction,” Peter Chernin, a former News Corporation official, once light-heartedly warned of Arnon Milchan, who has long tantalized Hollywood with his dual identity as a producer of popular movies and a businessman tied to the arms industry.

Mr. Chernin may have been even more right than he knew.

“Confidential: The Life of Secret Agent Turned Hollywood Tycoon Arnon Milchan,” written by Meir Doron and Joseph Gelman, and set for publication on July 30 by Gefen Books, now holds that Mr. Milchan — whose credits include “Love and Other Drugs” and “Knight and Day” — at least through the mid-1980s was a full-fledged operative for Israel’s top-secret intelligence agency, Lakam. (The acronym is from the Hebrew for the blandly named Science Liaison Bureau.)

In that capacity, according to the book, Mr. Milchan supervised government-backed accounts and front companies that financed “the special needs of the entirety of Israel’s intelligence operations outside the country.”

The “special needs” serviced by Mr. Milchan, who is now 66 years old, included buying components to build and maintain Israel’s nuclear arsenal. But with the indictment in 1985 of Richard Kelly Smyth, an aerospace executive who had made illegal shipments of nuclear triggers through Milchan companies, Mr. Milchan unexpectedly found his arms-dealing in the news even as he was wrangling with Universal Pictures over the near collapse of a movie, “Brazil,” directed by Terry Gilliam.

Mr. Smyth became a fugitive. He was finally arrested in 2001, convicted and imprisoned. He was released on probation in 2005.

Mr. Milchan was not accused of wrongdoing, but the case drew scrutiny to his activities in the arms business even as he stepped up his film career under deals first at Warner Brothers, then at 20th Century Fox, whose parent company bought a stake in his Regency Enterprises. In the glow of friendships with the likes of Brad Pitt and Robert De Niro, speculation about his intrigues seemed to fade — until a pair of unlikely biographers decided to figure out why Israel had been filtering a large part of its military budget through Hollywood hands.
“I did it for my country, the money did not go to me,” Mr. Gelman recalled Mr. Milchan explaining, when the three later met, and began a series of sessions that went on for six months.
US 'may release Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard to kickstart peace process'

Agent held since 1985 could be freed in deal to persuade Israel to press on with a planned release of Palestinian prisoners

Peter Beaumont in Jerusalem
The Guardian, Tuesday 1 April 2014 09.18 EDT   

An American currently serving a life sentence in a US jail for spying for Israel could be released as part of a putative 'grand bargain' to breathe life into the stricken Middle East peace process.

Indications that the US is considering releasing Jonathan Pollard, currently in his 29th year at a North Carolina prison, came in the last 36 hours amid a frantic round of US diplomacy that could see the secretary of state, John [FORBES] Kerry [KOHN]   , back in the Middle East on Wednesday for the third time in a week for talks with the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas.

Palestinian officials said that visit was likely to depend on a meeting of political leaders on Tuesday night who were deciding their response to the proposed deal.

As part of his latest efforts Kerry met with Israel's prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, on Monday evening and again on Tuesday before flying to Brussels for a Nato crisis meeting on Ukraine.

Kerry has been spearheading efforts to find a way out of the current deadlock in the US-sponsored Middle East peace process, which was restarted eight months ago, after Israel failed to release a fourth group of long-term Palestinian prisoners at the weekend as it had agreed to do.

Sources close to the talks have described a proposed deal that would see Pollard being released in exchange for a far larger release of Palestinian prisoners – up to 400 according to some estimates.
Kerry leaves Israel after holding meetings with Netanyahu to save peace talks

Sources close to negotiation reporting Pollard may be released as part of deal whereby Israel would free fourth batch of prisoners, talks would continue.
Netanyahu and Kerry

Netanyahu and Kerry, March 31, 2014. Photo: DAVID AZAGURY, US EMBASSY TEL AVIV

US Secretary of State John Kerry met in Jerusalem Monday evening and again on Tuesday morning with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, amid reports the US may release Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard by mid-April as part of a wider package designed to resuscitate the negotiations.

Quote from: TahoeBlue on February 15, 2014, 06:59:31 pm
GOBAL WARMING "cause of cold snap"

oh I love this... John FORBES Kerry (KOHN) . .. ( yes please for the love of pete understand that Kerry is a FORBES! )
Climate change in Communist China!!! I'd laugh but it just makes me _____
Kerry announces 'unique co-operative effort' with China on climate change

•US secretary of state is currently on Asia tour
•Kerry: countries have ‘special role’ to play to reduce emissions

Martin Pengelly in New York, Saturday 15 February 2014 11.37 EST   

John [FORBES] Kerry torques an engine bolt during a tour of the Foton Cummins Engine plant in Beijing. Photograph: Evan Vucci /AFP /Getty Images

Secretary of State John Kerry on Saturday announced a “unique co-operative effort” with China on the issue of combating climate change.

In a press conference at a Beijing car-making factory, the Cummins-Foton Joint-Venture Plant, which he visited as part of an Asia tour, Kerry said he and local representatives had “succeeded in completing our agreement with respect to some steps we are going to take to move the climate change process forward”.
Kerry said China and the US, the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gas, had a “special role” to play in reducing those emissions, and cited progress made on the issue during vice-president Joe Biden’s visit to Beijing last year.

The Forbes family is a wealthy extended American family originating in Boston. The family's fortune originates from trading between North America and China in the 19th century plus other investments in the same period. The name descends from Scottish immigrants, and can be traced back to Sir John de Forbes in Scotland in the 12th century. Notable family members are businessman John Murray Forbes (1813–1898), part of the first generation who accumulated wealth, and politician John Forbes Kerry (born 1943).

The Boston trading firm Perkins & Co. sent many young men of their extended family to participate in their business activities abroad. Ralph Forbes being married to Margaret Perkins, their children were encouraged in the business. Following the death overseas of his older brother, Thomas Tunno Forbes, the Perkinses encouraged John Murray Forbes to travel to China, too. There John was mentored by the Chinese merchant Houqua who treated him like a son.

Perkins & Co., like many other Boston trading firms in the early 19th century, sent ships to China to get tea for sale in America (although some was ultimately re-exported to Britain and Europe). To pay for the tea, they exported to China large quantities of silver and also furs, manufactured goods, cloth, wood, opium and any other items that they thought the Chinese market would absorb.

[ they never mention his Mother FORBES... ]
Rosemary Isabel Forbes (October 27, 1913 – November 14, 2002 ...  the mother of John Forbes Kerry

She was one of eleven children of James Grant Forbes of the Protestant Forbes family and Margaret Tyndal Winthrop of the Dudley–Winthrop family
During her lifetime, she was the beneficiary of Forbes family trusts, which her son John Kerry is now the partial beneficiary; as Rosemary was one of 11 children, there is not much that remained.
Rosemary was also the mother of another son, Cameron, who is General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Commerce, and was formerly a Boston lawyer, an adjunct law professor at Suffolk Law School

[ Commerce for the Chinese and the Forbes ?? ]

 Cameron Forbes Kerry (born September 6, 1950) is the younger brother and political confidant of John Forbes Kerry and the General Counsel of the US Department of Commerce.[1]

He was appointed Acting United States Secretary of Commerce on June 1, 2013 [2] and resumed his position as General Counsel on June 26, 2013 when Penny Pritzker was sworn in as the 38th United States Secretary of Commerce.

As the General Counsel of the Department of Commerce, Cameron Kerry is the principal legal advisor to the Secretary of Commerce and third ranking secretarial officer. President Obama nominated him on April 20, 2009 and he was confirmed unanimously by the United States Senate on May 21, 2009.

| - - - -

Update - I won't even go into how John's last name Kerry is really Kohn ! :
Kerry's Grandfather Left Judaism Behind in Europe
Published: May 16, 2004

On May 18, 1905, Frederick A. Kerry, a 32-year-old Viennese, arrived in New York City by steamship, the Königin Luise, with his wife and 4-year-old son, hopeful that his new country would bring him the success and social acceptance that had eluded him in Europe.

Mr. Kerry probably could not have imagined that within a century a grandson, John Forbes Kerry, would find himself the Democratic candidate for president.

Frederick Kerry brought with him a secret: he was born a Jew, Fritz Kohn, in what is now the Czech Republic, but he and his wife, Ida, had converted to Roman Catholicism. Senator Kerry, a Catholic whose maternal side includes such blueblooded names as Winthrop and Forbes, said he did not know his paternal grandfather was Jewish until a reporter for The Boston Globe told him last year that it had been discovered by a genealogist in Vienna who scoured church records from the Austro-Hungarian empire.

Tomas Jelinek, chairman of the Jewish community in Prague, and Rabbi Norman R. Patz, president of the New Jersey-based Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews, said that Czech Jews, in contrast to those in Poland, wore their identity somewhat more lightly. Given periodic spasms of anti-Semitism and the difficulty of advancing in the government and military as a Jew, many, like the parents of Madeline K. Albright, the former secretary of state, found conversion made their lives immeasurably easier.
Czech Records Tell the Story of How Jewish Kohn Became Catholic Kerry
Published February 27, 2004

OPAVA, Czech Republic —Ever since The Boston Globe broke the story of Senator John Kerry’s Jewish roots last year, the rise of the humble Kohn family of Silesia to Boston Brahmanism has been presented to the public as a prime example of the American Dream.
In the now-heavily publicized ledger, we found a man named Fritz Kohn, born a Jew in 1873 in the town of Horni Benesov (then Bennisch) to Benedict Kohn, and, on the very last page, appended to the ledger, is a notation that “Kohn, Fritz” received permission on March 17, 1902, from Viennese authorities to change his surname to Kerry. By the time this decree had reached the priest who made the ledger notation in Opava, Fritz Kerry was living in Vienna and had converted to Catholicism, following the lead of his brother Otto, who had converted and changed his name in 1897. Later, Fritz Kohn left for America, changed his first name to Fredrick, and eventually shot himself in the head in a Boston hotel, leaving behind a few hundred dollars in stock and a Cadillac.

Now his grandson — a lifelong Boston Catholic, a senator and a member of the Forbes and, through marriage, Heinz clans — is set to become the Democratic nominee for the presidency of the United States. If he wins, he’ll be the first American president with known Jewish roots.
Kerry's Brother: John's Not Anti-Semitic, We're Jewish
By Andrea Mitchell
First published February 14th 2014

John Kerry's brother has responded to charges of anti-Semitism against the U.S. Secretary of State by some conservative Israelis — including a prominent minister — by writing publicly about the family’s Jewish roots.

Cameron Kerry wrote a column in Israel's largest circulation daily newspaper, Yediot, saying the accusations “would be ridiculous if they were not so vile.”

The move illustrates how seriously the State Department wants to rebut the charge of anti-Semitism by some conservative Israeli critics of the Secretary of State’s peace negotiations.

Earlier this month, members of Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's cabinet accused Kerry of endorsing "anti-Semitic" efforts to impose sanctions on Israel when he voiced concern that failure to reach a peace accord with the Palestinians could lead to economic boycotts.
John Kerry said it was a "revelation" when he learned in 2003 from a Boston Globe report, shortly before he ran for president, that his grandfather changed his family name from Kohn and converted to Catholicism before coming to the U.S. in 1905.

Cameron Kerry married a Jewish woman and the family are practicing Jews. He writes that their relatives were killed in the Nazi death camps.

  interesting since even in 1969 the Israelis had the bomb (maybe no icbm capability till 1970 ?)  but no one wanted it to be a public fact:  here Nixon and Kissinger  sucessfully conspire to keep the Israel Nukes a secret - recently DE-classified :
Israel Crosses the Threshold II: The Nixon Administration Debates the Emergence of the Israeli Nuclear Program

DOD's Paul Warnke Warned in Early 1969 that Israeli Nuclear Program is "the Single Most Dangerous Phenomenon in an Area Dangerous Enough Without Nuclear Weapons"

President Nixon Overrode Near Consensus of Senior U.S. Officials on Threat Posed by Israeli Nuclear Program in 1969

NSSM 40 and Related Records Released in Full for First Time
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 485
Posted - September 12, 2014
Edited by William Burr and Avner Cohen

For more information contact:
 William Burr - 202/994-7000 or
 Avner Cohen - 831/647-6437 or 202/489-6282Â (cell);

Nixon, Laird, and Wheeler inside the Pentagon on Flag Day. Standing behind Laird is his military assistant, U.S. Air Force Colonel Robert Pursley, who played a significant role in moving forward the relevant papers on the Israeli nuclear issue. Pursley had served as military assistant to Secretaries of Defense Robert McNamara and Clark Clifford. (Photo source: National Archives, Still Pictures Division, RG 342B, box 1156)

Washington, D.C., September 12, 2014 – During the spring and summer of 1969, officials at the Pentagon, the State Department, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the White House debated and discussed the problem of the emergence of a nuclear Israel. Believing that Israel was moving very close to a nuclear weapons capability or even possession of actual weapons, the Nixon administration debated whether to apply pressure to restrain the Israelis or even delay delivery of advanced Phantom jets whose sale had already been approved.

Recently declassified documents produced in response to a mandatory declassification review request by the National Security Archive, and published today by the Archive in cooperation with the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project, show that top officials at the Pentagon were especially supportive of applying pressure on Israel.

On 14 July 1969, Deputy Secretary of Defense (and Hewlett-Packard co-founder) David Packard signed a truly arresting memorandum to Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird, arguing that failure to exert such pressure "would involve us in a conspiracy with Israel which would leave matters dangerous to our security in their hands."

In the end, Laird and Packard and others favoring pressure lost the debate. While National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger supported some of their ideas, he also believed that, at the minimum, it would be sufficient for U.S. interests if Israel kept their nuclear activities secret. As he put on his draft memo to President Nixon on or around July 19, "public knowledge is almost as dangerous as possession itself." Indeed, Nixon opposed pressure and was willing to tolerate Israeli nuclear weapons as long as they stayed secret.

This nonpartisan consensus highlights how at the end independent-in fact, secretive and aloof-President Nixon was as he made his own decisions on the matter. Thus, he ruled against using the Phantoms as pressure and in doing so left the United States with no leverage whatsoever.

ISCAP's declassification actions take away some-but surely not all-of the mystery surrounding NSSM 40. The details of the intelligence findings that raised U.S. government concerns about the Israeli nuclear program remain classified, and ISCAP upheld excisions made by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The CIA used its statutory exemption to withhold information, but it is not clear whether that was true of all of the intelligence details that were exempted from the documents presented below.
Document 10: Memorandum from Henry Kissinger to President Nixon, "Israeli Nuclear Program," n.d., with enclosures dated 19 July 1969, Top Secret, excised copy  

Source: Richard Nixon Presidential Library, National Security Council Files, box 612, Israeli Nuclear Program

After Packard sent his memo to Laird, Kissinger assessed the discussions at the two Senior Review Group meetings and appears to have reached somewhat parallel conclusions. This fascinating memorandum was declassified some years ago, after the publication of "Israel Crosses the Threshold." The file at the Nixon Library includes no evidence about how this memorandum was used, whether it was a working draft, a final draft, or whether some version of it actually went to President Nixon. Kissinger may well have used it for discussion purposes with Nixon.

Did I post this already ? - - - Oh Kerry's [ Kohn ] crypto dad connection ....
The U.S. Discovery of Israel's Secret Nuclear Project - 1960 - Eisenhower

Israeli Cover Stories about the Dimona Reactor Dismayed Top Level Officials Who Saw a "Clearly Apparent Lack of Candor"

U.S. Embassy Telegram Quotes Ben-Gurion Aide That It Was a "Stupid Mistake" by Israel to Cloak the Nuclear Project in Secrecy

To Prevent Military Uses of the Facility, U.S. Officials Believed the International Atomic Energy Agency Should Monitor Dimona (It Never Has)

Today's Posting Inaugurates the National Security Archive's Special Web Site on Israeli Nuclear History
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 510
Posted - April 15, 2015

Washington, D.C., April 15, 2015 – The U.S. government first learned of Israel's secret nuclear program at Dimona from an American corporate official talking to U.S. diplomats in Tel Aviv during mid-summer 1960, according to a declassified document published today for the first time by the National Security Archive, the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project, and the Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey. Other documents published today detail the discovery of the secret project that some in the U.S. government believed from the very start aimed at a weapons capability; the U.S. debates over Israel's lack of candor; and U.S. government efforts to pressure the Israelis to answer key questions about the nature of the Dimona project.

This "discovery," which came as the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower was drawing to a close, caused apprehension in Washington by raising concern about regional stability and nuclear proliferation, but it also produced annoyance because Israeli officials at all levels repeatedly provided less than credible answers to U.S. questions about Dimona. Thus, in September 1960, when embassy officials asked about a new construction site when they were on a helicopter ride nearby, an adroit Israeli official, Addy Cohen, improvised a story to keep the secret: it was the site of a textile factory, he said; a story that was not wholly false because there was a textile plant near Dimona. An interview with Addy Cohen detailing the episode appears in this posting for the first time.

Documents published in this collection shed light on a particularly notable intelligence failure: how Washington missed warning signs that the Israelis had a nuclear project underway, but also how the U.S. belatedly realized what the Israelis were doing, and how Eisenhower and his senior advisers reacted to this discovery. Among the documents are:
• The June 1959 Israel-Norway secret agreement providing for the sale of Norwegian heavy water to Israel (through the United Kingdom), transmitted by Oslo Embassy political officer Richard Kerry (father of Secretary of State John Kerry).

•Reports about information from a then-covert source — University of Michigan nuclear engineering professor Henry Gomberg — who learned that the Israelis had a secret nuclear reactor project that involved experiments with plutonium.
•A telegram from the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv reporting on Finance Ministry official Addy Cohen's statement that "we've been misbehaving," and one by an unidentified official close to Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion that the secrecy surrounding Dimona was unjustifiable and that it was "a stupid mistake on the part of Israel."
• Reports by U.S. Ambassador Ogden Reid on conversations with Ben-Gurion.
•A State Department message to the embassy in Tel Aviv conveying irritation that the responses of the Israeli government showed a "lack of candor."
•Messages about a role for the International Atomic Energy Agency in inspecting and safeguarding Dimona.
December 30, 1960
Letter from Richard Kerry, U.S. Embassy Oslo, to William
Burdette, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern
European Affairs

"Washington knew all along what the inspectors would find in Israel. Furthermore, as far back as the 1960s, the US Foreign Assistance Act was amended by concerned senators to prohibit any foreign aid for countries developing their own nukes. Smith asserts that the exception made for Israel was a violation of the US law but it was shrouded by the official secrecy. Since Israel is a major recipient of US aid, American presidents had good reason not to reveal the truth."

The Institute for Research: Middle East Policy, Smith said, is pushing another FOIA request aimed at the CIA, hoping to pry open long-secret intelligence investigations about how Israel managed to get the bomb in the first place. The institute is seeking disclosure of a CIA study that supposedly investigated how quantities of uranium were leaked or allegedly smuggled by Israeli agents from a Pennsylvania defense plant to provide seed corn for the Israel bomb

The newly released report "Critical Technological Assessment in Israel and NATO Nations"
April 1987
Further dissemination only as directed by OUSDA/IP&T The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-3070; 15 July 1987, or higher

Copy 3 of 100 copies
Edwin S. Townsley, IDA
Project Director
Clarence A. Robinson, LTI
Team Leader
April 1987
Prepared for
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense
(International Programs and Technology)
180 IN. Beauregard Street, Alexandria, Virginia 223 i I
Copyright IDA/Scanned June 2007
IDA Log No. HQ 87-32;56
China's First Nuclear Test 1964 -- 50th Anniversary

China's Advance toward Nuclear Status in Early 1960s Held Surprises for U.S. Analysts, Generated Conflicting Opinions about the Potential Dangers

Early RAND and INR Views Proved More Accurate than DOD's Office of International Security Affairs' Overwrought Scenario

The United States and the Chinese Nuclear Program, 1960-1964 Part II

National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 488

Posted - October 16, 2014

Edited by William Burr

Washington, D.C., October 16, 2014 – Fifty years ago today, on 16 October 1964, the People's Republic of China (PRC) joined the nuclear club when it tested a nuclear device at its Lop Nur test site in Inner Mongolia. For several years, U.S. intelligence had been monitoring Chinese developments, often with anxiety, hampered by the lack of adequate sources. Early on, opinions within the U.S. government varied widely -- from the views of RAND Corporation and State Department INR [Intelligence and Research] analysts who estimated that a nuclear-armed China would be "cautious" to the Institute for Defense Analyses, which saw "increase[d] risks for the United States and its allies that China will escalate hostilities to the point of initiating nuclear operations." As the Chinese nuclear test approached, the Defense Department's Office of International Security Affairs was alone in taking an alarmist view, projecting 100 million dead Americans in the event of conflict with China in 1980.

To mark the anniversary of the Chinese test, the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project are publishing, mostly for the first time, a wide range of declassified U.S. government documents from the early 1960s on the Chinese nuclear program and its implications. Documents include intelligence estimates and analyses reflecting efforts by U.S. intelligence to forecast when Beijing could and would test a weapon and what its diplomatic and military implications could be. During the summer of 1964, the discovery through satellite photography of a test site led to speculation that Beijing would soon stage a nuclear test. Other documents provide information on the State Department's decision to announce the Chinese test in advance — which it did on 29 September 1964 — in order to minimize its impact on world opinion.
 An INR report prepared a few weeks after the test demonstrated how perplexed the U.S. intelligence community was over how Bejing had acquired the U-235. While a gaseous diffusion plant in Lanzhou had in fact produced the U-235,[2]  U.S. intelligence did not believe that it had been in operation long enough to produce enough fissile material, but could not identify another possible source in China; moreover, it was "difficult to imagine that the Soviets would supply weapons-grade U-235."

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Quote from: TahoeBlue on January 12, 2012, 01:22:41 pm
Shaul Eisenberg - Permindex - Red China Nuclear Program - JFK Assassination
Dr. Chaim Weizmann - Prez World Zionist Organization - Israel gets the bomb 
Evidence suggests that "Red China's" first explosion of a nuclear device was in fact a joint venture between Israel and Red China.